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ARTICLE I: I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.

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QUESTIONS
  1. What is the "Senior Service" of the US armed forces?
  2. What was Executive Order 9066?
  3. Who was NATO's first Supreme Allied Commander, Europe?
  4. The "Mannerheim Cross" was, until a few years ago, the highest award for valour of what Scandinavian country?
  5. What NATO nation is the only country in the world whose air force is larger than its army?
  6. Where is Britain's main officer academy located?
  7. The 1st Canadian Parachute Bn. of World War II is the forerunner of what present Canadian regiment?
  8. With what US military corps does the British Royal Welch Fusiliers (23rd of Foot) maintain musical affiliations?
  9. "Pro Patria" ("For Country") is the motto of what Canadian infantry regiment?
  10. What Mongol war leader amused himself by building pyramids of human heads?
  11. Later in the year of what war, on 21 October 1967, was the Israeli destroyer "Eilat" sunk by Egyptian missile boats?
  12. What is the color of the ribbon for the "Hero of the Soviet Union" medal?
  13. Who did Queen Elizabeth I appoint to replace the Earl of Essex in his attempt to subdue the Irish?
  14. What action, taken by the 1st Parachute Regt. (1 REP) of the French Foreign Legion, 22 Apr 1960, caused it to be disbanded in disgrace?
  15. In 1834-1841, US Army, Navy and Marine units fought a bitter war with what Floridian Indian tribes?
  16. Despite earlier experiences and after elaborate preparation, US forces assaulted what Aleutian island only to discover that the Japanese had pulled out weeks before?
  17. What was the fabulous broadsword carried by legendary King Arthur?
  18. Which British regiments practice the custom of the "eating of the leek"?
  19. What high ranking North Vietnamese was a graduate of the Soviet General Staff Academy?
  20. In July 1937, Japanese and Chinese troops clashed at the Marco Polo Bridge, outside what Chinese city?
  21. What Japanese city suffered the worst firebombing in history, 10 May 1945?
  22. What inept Mexican general of the US-Mexican War lost a leg while fighting the French in 1838?
  23. What did the Rhodesian Army troops call the communist FRELIMO insurgents of Mozambique?
  24. What 1944 French battle was the last time that defense of a medieval fortress played a decisive role against a mechanized army?
  25. which branch of the US Armed Forces is the longest continuous serving branch?
  26. On March 21,1791 the first Military Seagoing Officers were commissioned by President George Washington. What Branch of Service were they assigned to?
  27. Who was the first woman to receive two medals and what were they?
  28. Who was the first woman to receive the MOH?
  29. Who was the first woman to receive a Purple Heart?
  30. Who cleans up property formerly owned, leased, possessed or operated by the DOD. Such as formerly used defense sites?
  31. What is the largest US regional command?
  32. What was the name of the first station on Antarctica established by the US Navy in 1957?
  33. What US military service has never directly posted any of its personnel on Antarctica?
  34. What was the Air Field at Guadalcanal named?
  35. How many Military Fighting Forces are there?
  36. The term "made his bird" means what?
  37. What was chewed by the Vietnamese that turned their teeth black?
  38. What does E-Tool mean?
  39. What is a green-eye?
  40. What is a Mike-Mike?
  41. What's an MPC?
  42. What's a P-38?
  43. Former soldiers and airmen who have received the Medal of Honor are entitled to an annual pension of how much upon reaching the age of 65?
  44. Five men have received two Medals of Honor. In 1918 the regulations were changed to prevent what?
  45. What's a PF?
  46. What military agency oversees the procurement and distribution of nearly everything that warfighters need?
  47. Where is the prison for US military personnel sentenced by courts-martial to confinement for one year or more?
  48. General Douglas MacArther should have been fired LONG before President Harry truman did the job,why?
  49. What three Famous WWII US Army Generals were involved in a shameful act against fellow Veterans in 1932?
  50. Which Armed Forces Branch is the Cradle of Aviation?
  51. What is the motto od US Special Forces ?
  52. What is the motto of the SAS ?
  53. Which NATO country's Spec Ops unit has a higher attrition rate than than the SEAL training phase BUDS at Coronado,Ca.?
  54. What unit was Delta Force a carbon copy of when it was formed?
  55. What are the animal mascots of each of the five Armed Forces of the US?
  56. What is Chickenhawk?
  57. What agency is responsible for issuing pay to servicemembers on the 1st and 15th of each month?
  58. What is DEERS?
  59. Where do Cadences come from?
  60. What is the US military pace for marching or running?
  61. Why do you sing cadence?
  62. Why are some cadence calls Jodies?
  63. Who was GySgt. Hartman?
  64. Why do the stars appear on the right hand corner of the flag on the patches of some US soldiers' uniforms?
ANSWERS
  1. What is the "Senior Service" of the US armed forces?
    Army
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  2. What was Executive Order 9066?
    An order for moving 'enemy aliens' (principally Japanese Americans) away from coastal areas in the USA.
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  3. Who was NATO's first Supreme Allied Commander, Europe?
    General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
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  4. The "Mannerheim Cross" was, until a few years ago, the highest award for valour of what Scandinavian country?
    Finland
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  5. What NATO nation is the only country in the world whose air force is larger than its army?
    Canada
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  6. Where is Britain's main officer academy located?
    Sandhurst
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  7. The 1st Canadian Parachute Bn. of World War II is the forerunner of what present Canadian regiment?
    Canadian Airborne Regt.
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  8. With what US military corps does the British Royal Welch Fusiliers (23rd of Foot) maintain musical affiliations?
    US Marine Corps
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  9. "Pro Patria" ("For Country") is the motto of what Canadian infantry regiment?
    Royal Canadian Regt.
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  10. What Mongol war leader amused himself by building pyramids of human heads?
    Tamerlane
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  11. Later in the year of what war, on 21 October 1967, was the Israeli destroyer "Eilat" sunk by Egyptian missile boats?
    Six Day War
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  12. What is the color of the ribbon for the "Hero of the Soviet Union" medal?
    Red
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  13. What action, taken by the 1st Parachute Regt. (1 REP) of the French Foreign Legion, 22 Apr 1960, caused it to be disbanded in disgrace?
    Mutiny
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  14. Who did Queen Elizabeth I appoint to replace the Earl of Essex in his attempt to subdue the Irish?
    Charles Blount
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  15. Despite earlier experiences and after elaborate preparation, US forces assaulted what Aleutian island only to discover that the Japanese had pulled out weeks before?
    Kiska
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  16. In 1834-1841, US Army, Navy and Marine units fought a bitter war with what Floridian Indian tribes?
    Seminoles
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  17. What was the fabulous broadsword carried by legendary King Arthur?
    "Excalibur"
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  18. Which British regiments practice the custom of the "eating of the leek"?
    Welsh
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  19. What high ranking North Vietnamese was a graduate of the Soviet General Staff Academy?
    General Vo Nguyen Giap
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  20. In July 1937, Japanese and Chinese troops clashed at the Marco Polo Bridge, outside what Chinese city?
    Peking
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  21. What Japanese city suffered the worst firebombing in history, 10 May 1945?
    Tokyo
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  22. What inept Mexican general of the US-Mexican War lost a leg while fighting the French in 1838?
    General Antonia Lopez de Santa Anna
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  23. What did the Rhodesian Army troops call the communist FRELIMO insurgents of Mozambique?
    "Freddies"
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  24. What 1944 French battle was the last time that defense of a medieval fortress played a decisive role against a mechanized army?
    Metz
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  25. which branch of the US Armed Forces is the longest continuous serving branch?
    The United States Coast Guard,since August 4,1790 the US Coast Guard has always had an active ongoing role as a law enforcement agency as well as SAR,whether in peacetime or war.
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  26. On March 21,1791 the first Military Seagoing Officers were commissioned by President George Washington. What Branch of Service were they assigned to?
    The US Revenue Cutter Service,now known as the US Coast Guard.
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  27. Who was the first woman to receive two medals and what were they?
    Cordelia L. Cook, US Army Nurse Corp. The Bronze Star and the Purple Heart.
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  28. Who was the first woman to receive the MOH?
    Dr. Mary E. Walker. A contract surgeon in the Civil War.
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  29. Who was the first woman to receive a Purple Heart?
    Annie G. Fox while serving at Hickam Field during the attack on Pear Harbor.
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  30. Who cleans up property formerly owned, leased, possessed or operated by the DOD. Such as formerly used defense sites?
    The Army Corp of Engineers (USACE) manages and executes the program of clean up.
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  31. What is the largest US regional command?
    The US Pacific Command (PACOM) is the largest of the US combined service commands. Headquartered at Camp H.M. Smith in Honolulu, HI, PACOM\'s area of responsibility covers: - More than 50 percent of the earth\'s surface; approximately 105 million square miles (nearly 169 million square kilometers). From the west coast of the United States mainland to the east coast of Africa (excluding the waters north of 5° S and west of 68° E); from the Arctic to Antarctic; including the state of Hawaii and forces in Alaska. Traverses 16 time zones. - Nearly 60 percent of the world\'s population. - 43 countries, 20 foreign territories and possessions, and 10 US territories. - The world\'s six largest armed forces: (1) Peoples Republic of China, (2) United States, (3) Russia, (4) India, (5) North Korea, (6) South Korea. The US Pacific Command\'s mission is to enhance security and promotes peaceful development in the Asia-Pacific region by deterring aggression, responding to crises and fighting to win.
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  32. What was the name of the first station on Antarctica established by the US Navy in 1957?
    McMurdo Station. In December 1955, Hut Point was selected by a naval task force as a US site for Operation Deep Freeze I, to support the polar science activities on the 1957 International Geophysical. Ten ten-man and 30 two-man tents formed a temporary camp until prefabricated buildings could be unloaded and erected by Seabees. The site was first called Naval Air Facility McMurdo. The first winter over at McMurdo was in 1956 and consisted of 93 men. The facility was renamed McMurdo Station in 1961. McMurdo Station resembles an urban center in its population diversity and hectic pace. McMurdo serves as an international center where scientists and support personnel meet and exchange ideas.
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  33. What US military service has never directly posted any of its personnel on Antarctica?
    The Marine Corps never established a presence or provided support to the US Antarctic Program (USAP). Military airlift and logistic support for the National Science Foundation research teams has come from the Navy, Army, Air Force and Coast Guard. Only one Marine, co-pilot Capt. Rayburn A. Hudman, was killed in October 1956 along with the Navy crew of his P2V-2N Neptune when it crashed during whiteout conditions at McMurdo Station.
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  34. What was the Air Field at Guadalcanal named?
    Henderson Air Field in Honor of Major Lofton R. Henderson killed in the Battle of Midway.
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  35. How many Military Fighting Forces are there?
    Five
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  36. The term "made his bird" means what?
    A Marine rotated home
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  37. What was chewed by the Vietnamese that turned their teeth black?
    betel nut (Beetle Nut)
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  38. What does E-Tool mean?
    Excavating tool. A small folding shovel used mainly for digging fighting holes. The best ones had a solid wooden handle and the shovel blade could be fixed at a right angle to the handle, with a "pick" sticking out the other way to break up hard packed dirt.
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  39. What is a green-eye?
    Slang for a night vision device that magnified available light 10,000 times.
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  40. What is a Mike-Mike?
    slang. Radio code for "millimeter." A radio operator might call CACO to report his CAP was "... taking incoming 60 mike-mike mortar fire."
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  41. What's an MPC?
    Military Payment Certificates or "funny money."
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  42. What's a P-38?
    slang. A tiny can opener provided with C-rations.
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  43. Former soldiers and airmen who have received the Medal of Honor are entitled to an annual pension of how much upon reaching the age of 65?
    $120
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  44. Five men have received two Medals of Honor. In 1918 the regulations were changed to prevent what?
    To prevent any one person getting it more than once.
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  45. What's a PF?
    Popular Forces, militia soldiers of the Republic of South Vietnam, usually without uniforms, armed with a hodgepodge of old weapons, they had even less training and support than the RFs.
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  46. What military agency oversees the procurement and distribution of nearly everything that warfighters need?
    The Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (DSCP) supplies and manages over $7.66 billion worth of food, clothing and textiles, pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, general and industrial items in support of America\'s warfighters worldwide and their eligible dependents. Other customers include America\'s school children participating in federal school lunch programs, the Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA), the Bureau of Prisons, US Forest Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Veterans Administration and other non-Defense Department customers. DSCP can trace its roots back to 1800 with the construction of the Schuylkill Arsenal in Philadelphia -- originally a warehouse for ammunition and other military supplies. Local seamstresses were contracted to make uniforms by hand in their own homes. Today, DSCP has a global reach -- the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia-European Region is the warfighters' supplier of choice in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East; with 13 offices in six cou! ntries. The Defense Supply Center Philadelphia-Pacific Region operates in 12 locations and 11 time zones. Support offices in Alaska, Japan, Okinawa, Korea, Guam and Hawaii provide rapid and flexible solutions to logistical challenges within the area. DSCP has a long and heralded tradition of providing supplies and services, when and where needed -- around the clock, around the world.
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  47. Where is the prison for US military personnel sentenced by courts-martial to confinement for one year or more?
    The US Disciplinary Barracks (USDB) at the US Army Combined Arms Center, Ft. Leavenworth, KS. The USDB was established by Congress in 1874 and has been in operation at Ft. Leavenworth since May 1875. This military prison has the distinction of offering the first vocational training program established in this country for prisoners. The USDB is the only long-term prison in the Department of Defense, incarcerating personnel from all branches of the service. The last hanging execution at the USDB was Pvt. John A. Bennett in April 1961. A new 521-bed USDB facility was completed in 2002 and is considerably smaller than the original one, which at one time housed more than 1000 inmates.
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  48. General Douglas MacArther should have been fired LONG before President Harry truman did the job,why?
    ;In 1932 President Herbert Hoover ordered the Army Chief of Staff to provide assistance to the DC Police Chiefin dealing with the Bonus Marchers and to mobilize only if the Police Chief requested it. Believing he knew better than the Police Chief what needed to be done,he violated the President\'s orders and ordered an attack without ever being requested for help by the Police Chief. President Hoover sadly lacked the guts to fire him on the spot as he should have!
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  49. What three Famous WWII US Army Generals were involved in a shameful act against fellow Veterans in 1932?
    Dwight D. Eisenhower and George S. Patton acting upon General Douglas MacArther's ill cocieved orders attacked and fired upon Veterans demanding an early payment of their bonus certificates in 1932 due to the depression, that were not payable til 1945. Several were killed.
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  50. Which Armed Forces Branch is the Cradle of Aviation?
    The US Coast Guard. The location of Orville and Wilber Wright's first flight at Kitty Hawk,NC was a US Lifesaving Station origonally part of the Revenue Cutter service and re-amalgamated in 1915.The Coast Guard's ANCIENT ORDER OF THE PTERODACTYL Club's motto is,"Flying since the world was flat" .
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  51. What is the motto od US Special Forces ?
    De Oppresso Libre ( to liberate the oppressed)
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  52. What is the motto of the SAS ?
    Who Dares,Wins!
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  53. Which NATO country's Spec Ops unit has a higher attrition rate than than the SEAL training phase BUDS at Coronado,Ca.?
    The British SAS 'selection' phase averages a higher attrition rate.
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  54. What unit was Delta Force a carbon copy of when it was formed?
    The British SAS,Special Air Service,and it's Australian counterparte is possible the finest such unit in the world today.
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  55. What are the animal mascots of each of the five Armed Forces of the US?
    Army-Mule , Navy-Goat , Marines-Bulldog , Air Force-Falcon , Coast Guard-Bear
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  56. What is Chickenhawk?
    By definition, the term chickenhawk is used in a political sense to refer to a politician who is strongly pro-military intervention but has not himself served in the military. It is said to have been used in this sense as early as 1988 but its first appearance in the media appears to have been by the syndicated journalist Richard Roeper in a Chicago Sun-Times article of November 15, 2000, in which he criticized what he called George W. Bush's "chickenhawk stance on the Vietnam War." However, the term appears to have been used before then by opponents of Dick Cheney during campaigning in the bitterly contested 2000 Presidential election, in which he strongly criticized the Clinton Administration's handling of military affairs. Previously, the term "war wimp" was sometimes used instead, most notably by former Congressman Andrew Jacobs (D-Indiana) who often characterized overzealous supporters of the Cold War as such if they had not served in either the Korean War or the Vietnam War (one politician so labelled was Dan Quayle). Its use was intended to highlight the fact that many of those who were most strongly interventionist (or just militarist, in the eyes of some) had not themselves undergone combat duty or at least military service despite being eligible by age to have done so. Here, "chicken" denotes cowardice, while "hawk" had long been used to refer to politicians who favor an aggressive foreign policy (as in "hawkish"). More specifically, many of those labelled are Baby Boomers who did not serve in the Vietnam War. This usage was reinforced during and after the post-9/11 wars in Afghanistan and (especially) Iraq, in which many of the most prominent supporters of both wars had had no history of military service. The users of the term are predominantly political radicals, mostly left-wing, but also including some paleoconservative (signs reading "Pluck The Chickenhawks" have been observed at anti-war rallies held since the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq began). The epithet is also sometimes hurled by Baby Busters, or, more broadly, members of Generation X, who perceive inherent hypocrisy in Baby Boomers leading a nation into war after having promoted pacifism in their younger days. On April 28, 2004, Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-New Jersey) used the term in an attack on Vice President Dick Cheney on the floor of the US Senate.
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  57. What agency is responsible for issuing pay to servicemembers on the 1st and 15th of each month?
    The Defense Finanace and Accounting Service (DFAS) is the military's "one-stop" paymaster for all uniformed branches, Department of Defense civilian employees and military retirees. In 1991, the Secretary of Defense created DFAS to unify the fianance operations of each service branch and reduce the cost of Defense Department finance and accounting operations.
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  58. What is DEERS?
    DEERS is the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System, a computerized database of military servicemembers, families and others worldwide who are entitled to medical, commissary and exchange benefits. Active-duty and retired service members are automatically registered in DEERS, but they must register their family members and ensure they're correctly entered into the database.
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  59. Where do Cadences come from?
    Pvt. Willie Duckworth, a black soldier on detached service with Fort Slocum's Provisional Training Center, sang out the first-ever rendition of "Sound-off," "Sound-off; 1-2; Sound-off; 3-4; Count cadence; 1-2-3-4; 1-2 -- 3-4." Other soldiers in the formation joined in and their dragging feet picked up momentum. At a time when black soldiers' achievements were just being acknowledged by many in the Army, the "Duckworth Chant," as Duckworth's cadence came to be called, got notice. Col. Bernard Lentz, Fort Slocum's commander, recognized it as a way to keep his soldiers in step while boosting unit pride and camaraderie. Duckworth's Chant built on a musical tradition that began just after the Revolutionary War. Back then, American marching troops took special pleasure in singing "Yankee Doodle" -- the song the British had used to taunt them -- back to the defeated Redcoats. Through the years, other military marching songs arose. During the Civil War, "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" and "When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again" sent blood pumping through Yankee and Rebel veins. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, "Over There" and "The Caisson Song" were popular among marching troops. The official Army song, "The Army Goes Rolling Along," even urges soldiers to "count off the cadence loud and strong." But Duckworth changed the whole way the Army looked -- and continues to look -- at cadence calls. Soon soldiers were making up their own cadences, personalizing them to include ditties about their own units and soldiers.
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  60. What is the US military pace for marching or running?
    Marching is done at 120 steps per minute. Running is 180 steps per minute.
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  61. Why do you sing cadence?
    There are a few reasons. When the entire unit is bopping to the same "sheet" of music, everyone stays in step. That looks good, and you don't have people tripping over someone else's feet. Breathing is another reason. If you are forced to exhale by singing, you will also be forced to inhale when you are not singing. Motivation is the third reason. Calls that are humorous or have a plot can make soldiers stop thinking about the cold and rain, or how much their feet hurt.
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  62. Why are some cadence calls Jodies?
    Nobody really knows. A recurring character in cadence calls is a person named Jodie. Jodie is known as the man or woman who is having fun at home while you are sweating in the field.
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  63. Who was GySgt. Hartman?
    Gunnery Sergeant Hartman was the fictional U.S. Marine Corps Drill Instructor character played by R. Lee Ermey in the 1987 Stanley Kubrick film, FULL METAL JACKET.
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  64. Why do the stars appear on the right hand corner of the flag on the patches of some US soldiers' uniforms?
    According to current uniform regulations from all branches, US flag patches worn on combat uniform sleeves must have the union (the blue 50-star field) facing toward the FRONT of the wearer; which is how the Stars & Stripes normally flies when seen from a vehicle or vessel, and not stripe field first.
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Today is Friday, November 24th, 2017
Day 5 of week 47 day 327
TIME ON DECK 1616 CST
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